Reconstructive surgery abroad
Reconstructive surgery or reparing surgery is a plastic surgery field on its own, the other part consisting of plastic and cosmetic surgery.
Reconstructive surgery is performed on body diffects caused by congenital flaws, trauma, infections, skin tumors, burns ... Reconstructive surgery is generally performed to improve function, but may also be performed to approximate a normal appearance.
Restorative and reconstructive surgery is the mainstay work of a plastic surgeon.
Although patients often equate reconstructive surgery to cosmetic surgery, and tend to limit their understanding of this branch of the discipline, the vast majority of plastic surgery procedures performed in Tunisia are actually reconstructive.
Reconstructive surgery is generally covered by social security.
Reconstructive surgery aims to restore the patient’s usual state and aims to repair the tissues and restore its functions. It aims to repair and remodel the body structures affected by congenital defects, trauma, burns, infections, tumors ...
Using a wide range of repair and reconstruction techniques , plastic surgeons repair the holes and damage caused mainly by transferring tissue from one body part to another. Their main goal is to restore the body , or the function of a specific part of the body to normal.
However, plastic surgeons performing reconstructive surgery also trying to improve and restore the appearance. Wherever possible, they try to minimize the visual impact of the wound or the initial default, and the impact of the operation itself.
Cosmetic surgery is an extension of restorative and reconstructive surgery in which the main gain is to provide an improved appearance.
Restorative and reconstructive surgery is used to treat a wide range of situations as part of the two following categories:Birth Defects :
These are the defects that are present at birth.
- The cleft, Lip and Palate
- Vascular abnormalities, such as birthmarks,
- Malformations of the ears such as protruding ears (otoplasty), the microties ...
- The craniosynostosis,
- Defects of the hand,
They are acquired defects that develop after birth :
- Cancer or especially malignant tumors of the skin, breast or head and neck cancer , sarcomas ...
- Trauma or injury: open fractures , wounds of the hand, face wounds ...
- Infections : Reconstructive surgery is to remove the infected tissue following severe infection and repair the area in question .
- The hand surgery is a big part of reconstructive surgery , including nerve compression , paralysis , arthritis, Dupuytren's disease ...
Plastic surgery is a technical specialty in order to achieve the repair. The word "plastic" comes from the Greek "plastikos" and is derived from "plassein" verb meaning molding form. In medicine, it shows the modeling of body shapes.
The revolution in plastic and reconstructive surgery techniques took place over the last three decades of the twentieth century, when surgeons have gained great knowledge of tissue vascularization and microsurgery.
The main techniques used by plastic surgeons in the context of restorative and reconstructive surgery are:Skin grafts :
A skin graft involves taking a patch of healthy skin from one area of the body, called the donor site, and use it to cover another area where skin is missing or damaged, called the recipient site. The piece of skin that is moved is entirely devascularized and requires blood vessels to survive.
There are three types of skin grafting: thin skin transplant, transplant and total composite skin graft.Tissue expansion :
Tissue expansion is a procedure that allows part of the body to "grow" by generating extra skin that will cover loss of surrounding substance. A device similar to a balloon called skin expander is inserted under the skin near the area to be repaired , and is then gradually filled with salt water , which causes stretching of the skin.The flap surgery :
Reconstructive surgery by flaps involves the transfer of a piece of living vascularized tissue of a body part to another. Unlike a skin graft , the tattered bear their own blood supply , and can therefore be used to repair the losses of more complex substances. The flap surgery can restore form and function in areas of the body that have lost skin, fat , muscle, and / or skeleton.
There are three main types of flaps : local flap , flap locoregional and free flaps .
Dr. Chiraz Bouzguenda , specialist in plastic and restorative surgery, has put in her site the most requested acts in reconstructive surgery :
You can contact her for more information about your case and have a detailed estimate and the price of your surgery.